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Marine Safety

Emergency Action plan

The Port Region is vulnerable to both natural and technological hazards.

Natural hazards may include events such as earthquakes, severe weather, and floods. Technological (man-made) incidents may include hazardous material spills, transportation accidents, bomb threats, explosions, and fires. The JNPT’s first response to these possibilities is the development of a comprehensive ACTION PLAN. This section of that plan describes the port wide policies to which the PORT'S Chairman, HODS & senior management, and emergency response managers will refer at the occurrence of a broad-based emergency.

For these emergency-operating procedures, a major emergency or disaster is characterized as an unforeseen or unexpected combination of circumstances that call for immediate and extraordinary actions. In addition, we will define

Major Emergency: An event where there is reason to suspect that lives may be endangered or where severe damage to property and or environment may result. It is a situation where the ability to help oneself exists but additional help is needed. A major emergency may be from natural or technological causes. A moderate earthquake/storm/floods, a bomb threat, a limited hazardous materials release or fire are examples of major emergencies.

MAJOR DISASTER: An event that causes widespread damage and/or threatens life and safety. The ability to respond with resources at hand is overwhelmed or suppressed; one can do little to help oneself. A "Major Disaster" may include a substantial earthquake, major hazardous materials release or oil spill, or an aircraft accident.

Risk Assessment Report

JNPT has approached IRS for carrying out a Disaster Management Plan (DMP) within its port area.

The objective of this project work is the Preparation of DMP as per the NDMA suggested structure.

The Risk assessment in this project covers consequences due to accidents only and does not address the deliberate acts of damage.

The methodology/procedure used for the project is as follows:

  • Collection of the relevant information
  • Hazard Analysis — Identification of the fire and explosion hazards during handling of LPG, Ammonia, Naphtha, HSD, and chemicals. Also, identification of the impact due to potential grounding & collision accidents using Brainstorming sessions and Bow-tie analysis
  • Frequency Analysis — Estimating the frequency based on data as available from published literature and JNPT supplied data
  • Consequence Analysis — Assessment of the consequence of Property loss, life loss, and damage to Environment and Port Business. Oil spill quantity assessment has been done using ADIOS2 software and Oil spill trajectory analysis has been done using GNOME software
  • Risk Analysis and Review — Risk estimation has been done based on the consequence and frequency as assessed. The estimated risks have been categorized as low, medium, or high to enable identification of control measures accordingly in order to bring down the risk to the ALARP level.
  • Reporting — On completion of the study, a draft report has been developed for review by the JNPT. Comments on the draft report will be incorporated to finalize the report.

Disaster Management Plan

Aim this plan aims to exhibit the organization's commitment to the safety of employees and increase the organization's safety awareness and to define the roles and actions necessary to prepare for and respond to any disaster situation in a coordinated manner. This plan will enable the JNPT to minimize or avoid the potential losses from hazards and disasters caused due to human error or natural phenomena in the Port and adjoining waters (Port limits), through the implementation of rapid, effective, and appropriate response procedures and effective recovery.

DMP is intended to guide all concerned departments within the port with a general concept of potential emergency assignments before, during, and following emergencies.

The primary objectives of the DMP are to:

  • Protect the lives of the JNPT employees, contractors, stakeholders, visitors, and neighboring population
  • Protect the environment
  • Limit damages of port assets
  • To ensure that the JNPT responds according to the priorities in Section 1.2 or those set by the Chief Incident Controller (CIC) during a response operation
  • Safely restore operations to normal as quickly as possible after the occurrence of an accident
  • To establish a robust Response mechanism