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Ease of Doing Business

JNPT is the number one container Port in India and among the top 30 major container Ports globally. The Port is constantly evolving to simplify and streamline processes with fully automated and integrated container services along with seamless connectivity, ensuring total transparency and Ease of Doing Business.


India’s largest container terminal handled

5.13 mn TEUs

in FY 18


Ranked 28th

among the top 100 Container Ports in the world

Handles more than


of the overall containerized traffic across all Major Ports in India


Operating 4

Terminals being operated by global players one liquid terminal

Connected with

33 CFSs & 46 ICDs


Aims to enhance overall Port capacity to

10 Million TEUs

by 2022-23

Cost-Effective and Speedier Movement of Consignments

JNPT has achieved the distinction as 'India's most economical Port' due to its constant endeavor to ensure minimal turnaround time, so that our customers derive maximum benefits with our best efforts.

Ease of Doing Business

Aligning with the direction of the ministry, the Port has initiated activities under Ease of doing Business and significant results were achieved in reducing cost and time for EXIM trade. JNPT had made a three-pronged approach.

  • Improvement of infrastructure.
  • Simplification of processes.
  • Digitization of activities.

(i) Improvement of Infrastructure

Under improvement of infrastructure, JNPT created parking yards for undocumented export containers, facilitated infrastructure for Customs for clearance in the Parking Yards, commenced the Centralized Parking Plaza Project, commenced widening of roads and other infrastructure projects

  1. 1. Creation of Customs Processing Zones

    • JNPT created parking yards for undocumented export containers for all terminals of JNPT. These parking yards were converted to processing areas as a facility for Customs clearance and port documentation. The parking yard operation ensures that only containers that have received approval from Customs and are fully documented proceed to the terminal gate. This has brought in the discipline at the port roads and contributed significantly in removing congestion.

  2. 2. Development of Integrated Centralized Parking Zone for Parking of Tractor Trailers:

    • In addition to the existing parking areas at JN Port, the Port is developing Centralized Parking Plaza intending to provide parking facility for trucks carrying export containers and enable completing pre-gate entry formalities and documentation for export, etc. under one window system. The parking area is being developed in an area of 45 Ha for parking of 1,538 Trailers and will have all the facilities like a Custom documentation system, banking, cafeteria, and many other facilities to give comfort to the drivers. This will reduce congestion of parked container trucks on JNPT roads and help the respective Terminals to plan their TT movements in a better way. This new facility is expected to be operational by April-2010.

  3. 3. Widening of Port Highways

    • To cater to the future traffic, JN Port, through NHAI, has awarded the work of widening of 43.9 Kms. length of NH 4B, SH 54, and Amra Marg Linkages to 6 / 8 lanes along with two lanes service roads by SPV formed by JNPT, NHAI, and CIDCO. The work on the project which is being executed on EPC mode in 4 civil packages is expected for completion in Dec. 2020.

  4. 4. Development of 4th Container Terminal :

    • To increase container handling facility at JNPT, the Port had awarded the project of developing 4th container terminals to M/s Bharat Mumbai Container Terminals Pvt. Ltd. (PSA) on a DBFOT basis through a Concession Agreement on 6th May 2014. The project comprises of two phases – each phase comprises 1 Km of quay line, 16.5 meters depth at berth, 12 quay cranes, 46 RTG Yard cranes, and 4 RMGC cranes for its rail yard generating capacity of 2.4 Million TEU (total 4.8 MTEU). As per schedule, the work of Phase I was completed on 22nd December 2017 and put into operation with a capacity of 30 MTPA. Phase II of 30 MTPA capacity is expected to be completed by December 2022.

  5. 5. Deepening and Widening of the main Harbour Channel.

    • JNPT completed dredging for deepening and widening of the Main Harbour Channel at JNPT from 14 meters to 15 meters for a total channel length of 35 km in February-2019 at a cost of INR 2,029.17 Crore (US$ 285.78 million). Now, JNPT is in a position to handle the container vessels of 12,500 TEUs capacity, which was capped at 8,000 TEUs earlier. This is a significant 50% increase in the capacity of vessels that can berth at JNPT. The higher draft will lead to higher Parcel Sizes to be handled at the port and as per commercial trends will lead to reducing shipping and handling costs. This will facilitate more scale economies to the trade while exporting or importing through the JNPT.

  6. 6. Allotment Lab. and office space to PGAs

    • To bring all regulators near the port area, the Port has allotted the office space to FSSAI, Animal Quarantine, Plant quarantine, Textile Commission, and Drug Controller. Port has also allotted the land to FSSAI & Animal Quarantine, Plant quarantine &Drug controller for setting up of laboratories. Textile Committee has shifted its office and laboratory to Port Users Building, JNPT. Since other PGAs also have not taken the possession of land allotted to them, JNPT is explored alternative suitable arrangements as per their requirements within the port area. Subsequently, Port has allotted 11800 square feet of office space at Trainee’ Hostel, JNPT Township to FSSAI for the development of the lab. Similarly, Drug Controller also requested the Port for constructed office space of area 4500 square feet and the Port is in the process of allotting the same at Shopping Complex, JNPT Township.

  7. 7. Commissioning of 15 e-RTGCs at JNP Container Terminal: Commissioned 15 New e-RTGCs

    • to improve export efficiency and faster loading operation. This has reduced diesel consumption and air pollution. Due to the commissioning of e-RTGCs in JNPCT, there is a cost savings of Rs. 86 Lakh/month

  8. 8. Commissioning of 14 RTGCs at APM Terminals.

    • Gateway Terminals India (GTI) at Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT) has replaced 14 new Rubber Tyred Gantry Cranes (RTGs) that has increased the productivity of stacking containers and hence improved the overall efficiency of container management at the terminal. The new RTGCs can lift to a 50 tons load under a twin-lift spreader, compared with 40 tons under single lift spreaders, which were operating earlier. The new RTGCs have reduced the vessel waiting time and the overall time to handle the shipment at the port.

  9. 9. Installation of 3 Mobile Scanners:

    • JNPT is increasing the Security Profile by installing 3 Mobile Scanners at JNPCT, DP World, and APMT, which are expected to be operational one scanner by 3rd or 4th week of March-2020 and the remaining two by end of March 2020. Faster scanning will reduce the port’s import dwell time due to independent scanners for import containers. JNPT allotted land for Drive through Scanner by Customs near PUB on the main route. The Drive through Scanner was commissioned in Dec. 2018 by Jawahar Customs. It has reduced the time for scanning of import containers to about one minute per truck.

  10. 10. Development of Coastal berth:

    • To give momentum to coastal shipping, JNPT has taken up the project of ‘Coastal Berth’. The work comprises of construction of 250 m long Coastal Berth with 2 trestles 94m long each with backup area reclamation of 11 hectares. Dredging to achieve the dredged depth of 11 m at Berth pocket backside of the berth is also proposed for handling port crafts with a dredged depth of 6m below CD. Capacity for handling liquid cargo of 1.5 MTPA and General Coastal cargo of 1 MTPA. It will reduce the delays caused due to Port related paperwork and customs formalities thus save time and enhance overall Trade. The project is expected for completion in May 2020.

  11. 11. Development of Integrated Common Rail Yard Facility at JNPT:

    • JAt present JNPT is capable of handling DFC rakes at the new forth container terminal i.e BMCTPL ICD yard of BMCTPL is capable to handle 4 rakes DFC rakes simultaneously. JNPT is developing an integrated common rail yard facility inside the port to handle DFC rakes destined for other terminals namely JNPCT.NSICT,GTICT &NSIGT. In the new Common Rail Yard, two new lines for handling double stack and long haul DFC rakes (length 1.5 Kms) will be commissioned. The work is expected for completion in the year 2020.

(ii) Simplification of processes.

Under the simplification of the process, the Port commenced the inter-terminal movements and dispensed with seal checking by CISF at the Gate. The Port also focused to increase the DPD deliveries and Direct Port Entry (DPE).

  1. 1. Inter Terminal transfer of Tractor Trailers

    • inter-terminal transfers of Tractor Trailers i.e lateral entry of TTs within the terminals commenced from March 2015 for making optimum use of TTs. This facility is used by 500 - 700 TTs every day. This initiative has reduced the load off from the road, further, it has led to saving of logistic cost to trade during the 3 years from commencement besides removing congestion. Till the end of Jan. 2020, 853,451 trucks availed this facility by making 1,072,487 transactions.

  2. 2. Direct Port Delivery (DPD):

    • Direct Port Delivery (DPD) was implemented at JNPT with the objective of expedites the delivery of import containers and reduce the cost of transactions. The DPD facilitates the delivery of a container directly from the terminal without the conventional steps of transferring to a Container Freight Stations (CFS) where the Customs procedures are performed and the container is given ‘Out of charge’. This not only saves a cost of Rs. 8,000 to Rs. 20,000 per container for transportation and handling at CFSs but also the time in delivery of the consignment.

      JNPT in association with Jawahar Customs took the following steps to promote the DPD scheme amongst the importers,
      1. The removed threshold of minimum volume criteria of 300 TEUs. Importers with smaller volumes can avail of DPD.

      2. Stopped the practice of high deposits demanded earlier by the PPP terminals.

      3. Simplified the registration process. Registration at terminals now given based on only Customs permission.

      4. DPD cells were created in all terminals.

      5. JNPT started allotting a Common Uniform Code for DPD clients to simplify the process from September 2018.

      6. Facility for On-Wheel drawl of samples was created for DPD containers in the terminals leading to evacuation directly from terminals even for cargo requiring PGA NOC from June 2018.

      The facility of DPD is well received by trade and the percentage of containers cleared under DPD has grown from a mere 3% earlier to around 57% now (Apr to Jan.).

  3. 3. Direct Port Entry (DPE):

    • The Direct Port Entry (DPE) is the facility created for exporters to bring in the export containers directly to the port instead of routing it through CFS. Every factory stuff container was earlier required to proceed to CFS to get customs approval and then proceed to terminal gates. Conversion of Parking Yards as Customs Processing Area and facilitation of Customs operation led to a higher percentage of DPE. The exporters are currently Benefitted by savings in the cost of Rs.2,000/- and in time of 1 day while resorting to DPE.

  4. 4. ITRHO

    • After the commencement of the new terminal of PSA(BMCT), operational issues arose in the handling of mixed trains i.e trains carrying containers more than one term as the BMCT is 5.5 km away from the existing Port Terminals. To solve these issues, JN Port made a determined effort for putting in place a new ITRHO agreement by drafting and framing operational procedures and cost calculations acceptable to all the terminals including BMCT & NSIGT. The ITRHO agreement was signed on 29th July 2019 which came into effect from 1st August 2019. With this new agreement between the terminals, the movement of rail containers between the terminals is streamlined.

      As a result of the signing of the new ITRHO agreement, the following benefits obtained:

      1. The losses to the trade due to the non-connection of export containers from BMCT and vice versa have been eliminated.

      2. This agreement has improved the competitiveness of JNPT terminals and increased both rail utilization and overall volumes.

      3. The inter-terminal handling volume of EXIM rail containers between BMCT and other Port Terminals has increased by 74% since the commencement of the new ITRHO agreement. This has also resulted in an increase in the average monthly placements of trains from 31 to 60 in BMCT Terminal.

      4. The average monthly dwell time has been reduced after the commencement of the new ITRHO agreement. The average monthly dwell time has reduced by 43% from 116.09 Hrs (Apr 18 to Mar 19) to 66.16 hrs (Apr 19 to Dec 19).

  5. 5. E-Marketplace Transport solution for JNPT:

    • JNPT has issued a permit to operate Transport Solution for optimum utilization of tractor-trailer movements and infrastructure, to M/s. Zinka Logistics (Blackbuck). This will eliminate inefficiencies by, reducing empty trailer movements between Port and CFSs, reducing empty container movements in the hinterland, and reducing the truck idling time for the Fleet Owners & ensuring trucks' availability to Trade. Starting from September 2019 with 310 TEUs, there is exponential growth month on month in the Port-CFS movements enjoyed the facility by 2800 TEUs in Jan.2020.Transport Solution has helped the Port to reduce import dwell time of road-bound containers from 33.84 hrs to 19.32 hrs and overall import dwell time from 38.44 hrs to 26.39 hrs during the period Sep- 2019 to Dec- 2019.

(iii) Digitization of activities

Under digitization, the Form-13 and Form-11 have been made online. The RFID system was introduced for Gate access. Shipping Lines were facilitated the PCS platform for the issuance of E-DO.

  1. 1. Introduction of E-form 13/Form 11

    • Form 13 and Form 11 are the documents by which entry of containers in the terminals is regulated. E-form 13/Form 11 has been introduced to reduce gate transaction time and to avoid manual data feeding by customers.

  2. 2. RFID Based Terminal Gate transaction:

    • The introduction of RFID based Gate Automation System has ensured that the Gate transaction time is reduced from 10 minutes in April 2016 to 1 minute in March 2017. The RFID provides a high-security profile.

  3. 3. Container tracking introduced in India

    • JNPT in association with DMIDC has commenced the tracking of containers moving towards and cleared from the terminals of JNPT. Transit integrity is now ensured by tracking of containers. The importers/exporters are now able to keep track of the container while in transit. The Project commenced on 11/7/2016. The system provides a Data Bank on Destination-Source matrix for containers in transit in India.

  4. 4. E Delivery Orders

    • In a major initiative to bring in ease of delivery of import containers, PCS driven e-DO module developed by IPA was introduced on 16/09/2016 and all major shipping lines are using the e -Do. The E-do facilitates quick and easier delivery and tends to reduce cost and time in the import supply chain. Presently e-DO is transmitted through upgraded PCS i.e. PCS 1x.

  5. 5. Up-gradation of PCS System:

    • PCS 1x (an upgraded version of PCS) has been launched on 11th December 2018 which enables all stakeholders to exchange data/ transactions on the PCS 1x platform on a real-time basis. It offers a database that acts as a single data point to all transactions. This upgraded single window platform intends to integrate 27 maritime stakeholders at a common platform, including ICEGATE, DGFT, and ToS as well. Currently, 24 stakeholders are on-board in PCS 1x System.

      PCS 1x has provided one communication platform for all maritime stakeholders which has reduced the time and overall cost for documentary and border compliance for imports and exports by eliminating unnecessary duplication of activities on different portals.

  6. 6. Up-gradation of Navis System with Navis N4 Terminal Operating System:

    • JNPCT upgraded Terminal Operating System to Navis SPARCS N4, which is the next generation Terminal Operating System (TOS), specifically designed to offer unparalleled value and grow with the customer at the lowest possible total cost of ownership (TCO). Navis N4 System went on live on 01.04.2019.